A history of the manifest destiny
Manifest destiny summary
In his influential study of manifest destiny, Albert Weinberg wrote: "the expansionism of the [s] arose as a defensive effort to forestall the encroachment of Europe in North America". The desire for more land brought aspiring homesteaders to the frontier. It was an instance of a republic following the bad example of European monarchies, in not considering justice in their desire to acquire additional territory. Whigs presidents Zachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore tried to suppress the expeditions. Expansion westward seemed perfectly natural to many Americans in the mid-nineteenth century. When the British refused the offer, American expansionists responded with slogans such as "The Whole of Oregon or None! As wealthy men brought their families west, the lawless landscape slowly began to change. Senate before the war, which proclaimed Cuba "free and independent", forestalled annexation of the island. This ultimately led to confrontations and wars with several groups of native peoples via Indian removal. Neighbors was not welcomed in New Mexico. Western mining towns: The first gold prospectors in the s and s worked with easily portable tools that allowed them to follow their dream and try to strike it rich a. North of the Mason-Dixon line, many citizens were deeply concerned about adding any more slave states. Santa Anna and his army of some 4, troops had besieged San Antonio in February President James K.
Prompted by John L. By the mids, US expansionism was articulated in the ideology of manifest destiny.
Manifest destiny painting
Previous US administrations had offered to divide the region along the 49th parallel, which was not acceptable to Britain, as they had commercial interests along the Columbia River. Many in the Whig party "were fearful of spreading out too widely", and they "adhered to the concentration of national authority in a limited area". The exploits of Wyatt Earp, Doc Holliday, and others made for good stories, but the reality was that western violence was more isolated than the stories might suggest. The process was validated by the Insular Cases. The lure of quick riches through mining or driving cattle meant that much of the West indeed consisted of rough men living a rough life, although the violence was exaggerated and even glorified in the dime-store novels of the day. The few women who went to these wild outposts were typically prostitutes, and even their numbers were limited. Major events in the western movement of the US population were the Homestead Act, a law by which, for a nominal price, a settler was given a title to acres of land to farm. Although the town was far from any railroad, 20, people lived there as of Annexation would almost certainly trigger war with Mexico, and admission of a state with a large slave population, though permissible under the Missouri Compromise, would once again bring the issue of slavery to the fore. The desire for more land brought aspiring homesteaders to the frontier. Ranching and Mining Towns While homesteaders were often families, gold speculators and ranchers tended to be single men in pursuit of fortune. Key Terms Homesteading: A lifestyle of self-sufficiency characterized by subsistence agriculture and home preservation of foodstuffs; it may or may not also involve the small-scale production of textiles, clothing, and craftwork for household use or sale. Ruts on the Oregon Trail: So many wagons traveled the Oregon Trail that ruts are still visible along some sections. Nevertheless, just days after the resolution passed Congress, Polk declared in his inaugural address that only Texas and the United States would decide whether to annex. For example, the belief in an U.
The Hispanics who ruled Texas and the lucrative ports of California were also seen as "backward. Newspaper editor John O'Sullivan coined the term "manifest destiny" in to describe the essence of this mindset.
Manifest destiny examples
Anglo-Americans soon became a majority in Texas and quickly became dissatisfied with Mexican rule. Weeks has noted that three key themes were usually touched upon by advocates of manifest destiny: the virtue of the American people and their institutions; the mission to spread these institutions, thereby redeeming and remaking the world in the image of the United States; the destiny under God to do this work. First, it sent surveyors and explorers to map and document the land and ultimately acquire western territory from other nations or American Indian tribes by treaty or force. In addition, ranchers capitalized on newly available railroad lines to move longhorn steers that populated southern and western Texas. Native Americans[ edit ] Across The Continent, an lithograph illustrating the westward expansion of white settlers Manifest destiny had serious consequences for Native Americans , since continental expansion implicitly meant the occupation and annexation of Native American land, sometimes to expand slavery. First, idealistic advocates of manifest destiny like John L. Manifest destiny was a general notion rather than a specific policy.
Some, such as John Quitmangovernor of Mississippi, offered what public support they could offer. Deadwood, South Dakota, in the Black Hills, was an archetypal late gold town founded in Historians continued that debate; some have interpreted American acquisition of other Pacific island groups in the s as an extension of manifest destiny across the Pacific Ocean.
Subtitled "The United States and the Philippine Islands", it was a widely noted expression of imperialist sentiments,  which were common at the time.
According to Frederick Merk, "The doctrine of Manifest Destiny, which in the s had seemed Heaven-sent, proved to have been a bomb wrapped up in idealism.
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