How to treat violent young offenders
This suggests a subtype specializing in violent offending and a subtype that is versatile, engaging in both violent and nonviolent offending. The question of specialization can also be addressed by testing for profile differences between youth offenders categorized as specialized violent offenders and those categorized as versatile violent offenders.
Violent-plus youth were younger; higher in their total risk and all criminogenic needs; more likely to have several noncriminogenic needs; and at higher risk of any reoffending, violent reoffending, and nonviolent reoffending than nonviolent youth.
The reasoning is that if different profiles are observed, then there is evidence for a specialized group and a versatile group. Procedure Approval for the study was obtained from the Ministry of Social and Family Development before commencing with data collection.
Resolution of the contrasting literature has been difficult, due to the lack of agreement about the definition of specialization and shortcomings in methods of analyzing for the presence of specialization e.
As this study was specifically interested in violent nonsexual offenders who are typologically different from sexual offenders; e.
Treatment programs for juvenile delinquents
As this study was specifically interested in violent nonsexual offenders who are typologically different from sexual offenders; e. Behavioral treatment employs learning mechanisms to reverse the learning process, aiming to teach individuals to replace their criminal tendencies with socially admissible behavior. Disagreements in coding were resolved through discussions. Cognitive—behavioral treatment focuses on teaching offenders skills that will help with their interaction with other people, such as prosocial values. Violent-only youth had the same total risk and risk of general and violent recidivism as nonviolent offenders but presented different criminogenic and noncriminogenic needs and risk of nonviolent recidivism. It also had moderate predictive validity for use in the Singaporean context Chu et al. Results Descriptives Table 1 details the breakdown of the nonviolent, violent-only, and violent-plus groups by sex, ethnicity, current offense s , and recidivism. Compared to violent-only youth, violent-plus youth were younger, had higher total risk and criminogenic needs on five domains, were more likely to have several noncriminogenic needs, and were at higher risk of all types of reoffending except sexual reoffending , suggesting subtypes of violent youth offenders. The authors found a significant odds ratio of 1. Abstract Youth violence is a costly social problem. All staff is involved in the delivery of behavioral treatment programs and the programs are typically led by a small group of experts. Comparisons were made between violent-only and violent-plus groups and the reference group, nonviolent. In terms of index offenses committed, There were 3, males
Behavioral treatment programs include token economy programs and behavior modification strategies. All staff is involved in the delivery of behavioral treatment programs and the programs are typically led by a small group of experts.
Juvenile delinquency prevention and treatment
Those who had committed both violent and nonviolent offenses were categorized as violent-plus offenders. Generally, versatile violent youth offenders have a greater number of risk factors compared to specialized violent youth offenders Smart et al. Table 1. The RNR framework was introduced to provide a theoretical and empirical-based approach to conduct offender assessment and rehabilitation. A small proportion, 2. By further differentiating violent youth, this study also explored whether there were subtypes of violent youth offenders i. The question of specialization can also be addressed by testing for profile differences between youth offenders categorized as specialized violent offenders and those categorized as versatile violent offenders. Cognitive treatment, based on the cognitive—behavioral model, stresses cognitive reframing through the control of cognitive distortions, automatic thought, and self-instructions.
A small proportion, 2. Violence against animals or property was not included Farrington, Age at first charge Age of the youth at first charge was derived using birth date and date of the first court charge.
based on 23 review