How to write a mini literature review

That is why researchers who have spent their career working on a certain research issue are in a perfect position to review that literature.

how to write a mini literature review

The great thing about this process is that it breaks down into manageable steps something that seems enormous: writing a literature review. Figure out what the main themes are. Find books in the library that are relevant and check them out.

Literature review outline

Find the envelope with the excerpts in them and lay them on the table in front of you. Once you complete these six steps, you will have a complete draft of your literature review. For such summaries to be useful, however, they need to be compiled in a professional way [5]. Ideas for potential reviews may come from papers providing lists of key research questions to be answered [9] , but also from serendipitous moments during desultory reading and discussions. There are so many issues in contemporary science that you could spend a lifetime of attending conferences and reading the literature just pondering what to review. Make sure that you only get articles and books in those areas, even if you come across fascinating books in other areas. Gaps you notice in the literature 5. Disagreement about the constructs you are investigating When you find any of these five things, type the relevant excerpt directly into a Word document. Reviewing the literature requires the ability to juggle multiple tasks, from finding and evaluating relevant material to synthesising information from various sources, from critical thinking to paraphrasing, evaluating, and citation skills [7]. Get Published: Your How-to Guide Your how-to guide to get an in-depth understanding of the publishing journey. It is always hard to figure out how much you need to read for deep meaning, and how much you just need to know what others have said.

Remember, this activity is essentially repeated for the various topics, variables, and concepts that you will review in your overall literature review. Make sure each note goes into a pile. Disagreement about the constructs you are investigating When you find any of these five things, type the relevant excerpt directly into a Word document.

short literature review sample pdf

There are so many issues in contemporary science that you could spend a lifetime of attending conferences and reading the literature just pondering what to review.

However, it is likely that most scientists have not thought in detail about how to approach and carry out a literature review.

Literature review template

That is why researchers who have spent their career working on a certain research issue are in a perfect position to review that literature. Rule 1: Define a Topic and Audience How to choose which topic to review? A literature review I am currently working on, for example, explores barriers to higher education for undocumented students. The topic must at least be: interesting to you ideally, you should have come across a series of recent papers related to your line of work that call for a critical summary , an important aspect of the field so that many readers will be interested in the review and there will be enough material to write it , and a well-defined issue otherwise you could potentially include thousands of publications, which would make the review unhelpful. Before you begin to write your Literature Review for the dissertation, be sure to watch the video in this activity and read the supporting documents. Are there ideas that go together or that are in dialogue with each other? When you are done, print out your excerpts. Find books in the library that are relevant and check them out. Make sure to note the name of the author and the page number following each excerpt. Literature reviews are in great demand in most scientific fields. Now, sort the pieces of paper into similar topics. Given such mountains of papers, scientists cannot be expected to examine in detail every single new paper relevant to their interests [3]. For example, compared to , in three, eight, and forty times more papers were indexed in Web of Science on malaria, obesity, and biodiversity, respectively [2]. She tweets as tanyaboza. Some graduate schools are now offering courses in reviewing the literature, given that most research students start their project by producing an overview of what has already been done on their research issue [6].

I have found it helpful to be as systematic as possible when completing this gargantuan task. The chances are high that someone will already have published a literature review Figure 1if not exactly on the issue you are planning to tackle, at least on a related topic. Step Three: Find relevant excerpts in your books and articles: Skim the contents of each book and article and look specifically for these five things: 1.

The topic must at least be: interesting to you ideally, you should have come across a series of recent papers related to your line of work that call for a critical summaryan important aspect of the field so that many readers will be interested in the review and there will be enough material to write itand a well-defined issue otherwise you could potentially include thousands of publications, which would make the review unhelpful.

Once you complete these six steps, you will have a complete draft of your literature review.

how to write a literature review for dummies
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Writing a Short Literature Review