The islamic empire

Shia Islam was their official state religion. Early on, it provided the government with a stable force to address domestic and foreign problems.

Spread of islam

Hulagu Khan 's destruction of Baghdad in is traditionally seen as the approximate end of the Golden Age. Although the Umayyad family came from the city of Mecca , Damascus was the capital. One Imam after another continued in the generation of Imam Husain but they were opposed by the Caliphs of the day as their rivals till Imam Abdullah al-Mahdi Billah came in power as first Caliph of Fatimid in North Africa when Caliphate and Imamate came to same person again after Imam Ali. The Berbers attacked and drove Muslims from north Africa for a period. He was keenly interested in buildings and architecture, he also built the Taj Mahal for his beloved wife. Abbasid Golden Age — [ edit ] Harun al-Rashid receiving a delegation sent by Charlemagne at his court in Baghdad. In what follows, the terms Islamic world and Islamdom are used interchangeably. Uqba won battles against the Berbers and Byzantines.

Marwan named his two sons Ubaydallah and Abdallah heirs. Women often wore head scarves and veils.

The islamic empire

By they had become the chief political and ideological challenge to Sunni Islam in the form of the Abbasids. On 9 June 15 Ramadan AH , Abu Muslim , rising from Khorasan, successfully initiated an open revolt against Umayyad rule, which was carried out under the sign of the Black Standard. The noble Iranian family Barmakids , who were instrumental in building Baghdad , introduced the world's first recorded paper mill in the city, thus beginning a new era of intellectual rebirth in the Abbasid domain. The Bayt al-mal ran for hundreds of years under the Rashidun Caliphate in the 7th century and continued through the Umayyad period and well into the Abbasid era. Sometimes they had wind towers that would force wind through the house like air conditioning. Uqba and all his men died fighting. To many, an absolute ruler uniting a plurality of ethnic, religious, and interest groups offered the best hope of justice. The Mamluk army, though often viewed negatively, both helped and hurt the caliphate. Imam Husain's son, Imam Ali ibn Husain , was imprisoned along with Husain's sister and other ladies left in Karbala war. They oversaw the initial phase of the Muslim conquests , advancing through Persia , Levant , Egypt , and North Africa. Listen to a recorded reading of this page: Your browser does not support the audio element. In addition, the power of the Mamluks steadily grew until Ar-Radi —41 was constrained to hand over most of the royal functions to Muhammad ibn Ra'iq. The Safavid Empire to Capitol: Isfahan. Ibrahim ibn al-Walid , named heir apparent by his brother Yazid III, ruled for a short time in , before he abdicated. Muslims in the Subcontinent Muslims had ruled the subcontinent for almost years continuously, beginning from the rule of Muhammad of Ghaur in up till the collapse of Mughal Empire in

Expanse of the Empire The Islamic Empire expanded throughout the Middle Ages to become one of the largest empires in the history of the world. Homes Like with all societies, the size and style of homes were different for the rich and the poor.

Al-Hajjaj ibn Yusuf played a crucial role in the organization and selection of military commanders. A but eventually to save the empire from civil war Hazrat Hassan R.

When did the islamic empire start

After the sermon, Muhammad ordered the Muslims to pledge allegiance to Ali ; the future Sunni leaders Abu Bakr , Umar , and Uthman were among those who pledged allegiance to Ali at this event. Al-Mutawakkil responded by sending his troops into Anatolia again, sacking and marauding until they were eventually annihilated in Begun during his reign, the compilation of the Quran was finished some time between and , and copies were sent out to the different centers of the expanding Islamic empire. He conquered Hungary in and three years later laid siege to the city of Vienna. Mughal Empror Aurangzeb. Other common foods included eggplant, lintels, and water to drink. He strengthened his personal army with Turkish mercenaries and promptly restarted the war with the Byzantines. The Muslim religion and the life of the Prophet Muhammad are treated specifically in the article Islam. He died in , following his return to Cairo.

This period was characterised by a flourishing in technology, trade and culture; many of the buildings of al-Andalus were constructed in this period.

They didn't have a lot of furniture in their homes.

umayyad caliphate

Close to 10, soldiers were under Abu Muslim's command when the hostilities officially began in Merv.

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The rise of Islamic empires and states (article)